Malaysia is located in Southeast Asia. Land borders with Thailand, Indonesia, Brunei and maritime borders are shared with Singapore, Philippines and Vietnam. The capital of Malaysia is Kuala Lumpur while Putrajaya is the federal administrative centre of the country. Malaysia comprises of 14 states, each state is headed by a sultan or head of the state.
Malaysia is under the system of federal constitutional monarchy. The head of the country is known as the Yang Di Pertuan Agong (the supreme king) elected among the nine states Sultan every five years. The head of the Government is the Prime Minister. The population of Malaysia is approximately 28.3 million, comprising of three main races namely the Malays, Chinese, Indians and numerous ethnic groups (Kadazan, Bajau, Iban, Dayak). Islam is the official religion and other religions are freely practiced.
Malaysia is a humid and hot tropical country with an average temperature of 32˚C daily, and annual rainfall about 2,000mm to 2,500mm.
The Malaysian currency is called Ringgit (MYR as its official abbreviation), with an exchange rate of approximately RM 3.5 to USD